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Traumatic Brain Injuries and its Visual Consequences. How to go about it? | OOLS |

Mr. Pritam Dutta, a practicing optometrist, begins with an overview of the impact and prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) across the world. There is a worldwide prevalence of 302 mild TBI cases per 100,000 cases, and these have significant ocular consequences. We learn that TBI is defined as ‘traumatically induced physiological disruption of brain function.’ Pritam talks about the classification of mild, moderate, and severe TBI. He lists the common causes of mild TBI. It is important to understand brain anatomy and visual function neurons. Mr. Dutta explains how visual consequences in mild TBI occurs, and he enlists some of the commonly associated symptoms. The following are the three major impact areas of mild TBI:

1. Accommodation (8:20)

2. Vergence (11:20)

3. Eye movements (13:15)

We then shift focus to understanding the role of oculomotor rehabilitation in cases of mild TBI. Pritam informs us how rehabilitation can be used to improve the accommodative and vergence functions. Apart from oculomotor vision problems, mild TBI also causes non-oculomotor-based vision problems. These may include:

1. Photosensitivity (23:30)

2. Vestibular dysfunction (27:16)

3. Abnormal spatial localization (30:06)

4. Visual field (32:18)

Pritam summarizes the above vision problems and describing the treatment options for these non-oculomotor-based vision problems. We briefly go over the optometric work-up to follow in the case of a TBI patient. We also learn about some of the advanced diagnostic sensory testings in mTBI. Lastly, this session is concluded with a short Q and A session with the live audience.


Watch the complete session below:

Online Optom Learning Series(OOLS) is managed by S.K. Optics.

OOLS is accredited by:

Optometry Council Of India (OOLS)

Integrated Philippine Association of Optometrist (IPAO)

Philippine Society of Public Health and Occupational Optometry (PSPHOO)

Optometry Vietnam

Education Supported by:

SEGi University

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